Apollo Facts, Birth, Youth, Important Apollo Temples & MorePosted By: Aqib Khan | December 21, 2018
In this article, there are some Apollo facts. Apollo is one of Greek mythology’s very important gods, a beardless, youthful, and athletic figure. Apollo has variously known as a god of music, healing, plague, truth and prophecy, poetry, the sun and light, and more. He is the son of Zeus and Leto. Apollo has a twin sister which name are chaste huntress Artemis. One of the important Apollo facts is that he is well-known in Greek-influenced Etruscan mythology as Apulu.
His twin sister is the goddess of the hunt. As the god of sun and light, Apollo moved the sun with his chariot and golden horses. Apollo’s appearance was gold and sparkling, with a muscular physique and golden hair. The symbols related with the Apollo include the golden chariot, the raven, bows and arrows, the wolf, deer, the lyre, and the laurel tree.
When Zeus’ wife Hera knew that Leto was pregnant, she banned Leto from giving birth on the Terra Firma island. In search of the other island, Leto found the new floating island of Delos. It was neither mainland nor a real island. She gave birth there, and it accepted by the people. She promised them that her son would always be favorable toward the city.
This island later became blessed for Apollo. It is also saying that Hera kidnapped Eileithyia, to stop Leto from going into the labor. Mythographers says that Artemis was born first and then assisted with the birth of the Apollo. The Artemis was born one day before Apollo on Ortygia island.
Apollo killed the chthonic dragon Python four days after his birth, which lived in Delphi near to the Castalian Spring. Hera sent the serpent to kill Leto. Apollo requested Hephaestus for a bow and the arrows for the protection of his mother. After receiving the bow and arrows, Apollo cornered the Python in a sacred cave at Delphi. After some time, Hera sent the giant Tityos to rape Leto. This time Apollo helped by his twin sisters Artemis in protecting their mother.
Many temples were devoted to Apollo in Greece and the Greek colonies. They show the spread of religion of the Apollo and the evolution of the Greek architecture, which based on the rightness of form and the mathematical relations. Some of the previous temples, especially in Crete which is do not belong to any Greek category.
It seems that first peripteral temples were the rectangular wooden structures. The various wooden elements were considered divine, and their forms preserved in the marble and stone elements of the temples of the Doric order. And the Greeks used the standard types of it because they believed that the world of objects was a sequence of the typical forms which could be represented in many instances. The temples should be canonic, and architects were trying to attain the esthetic perfection.
From the previous times, there were specific rules strictly experiential in rectangular peripteral and pro-style buildings.
The first buildings were built narrowly to hold the roof. And when the dimensions changed some mathematical relations became essential to keep its original forms.
The principle of Mathematics:
It probably influenced the theory of the numbers of Pythagoras. Who believed that behind the appearance of the things there was also the permanent principle of mathematics.
The Doric order dominated between the 5th and the 6th century BC, but there was also a mathematical problem regarding the position of the triglyphs. It Couldn’t solve without changing its genuine forms.
The order almost discarded for the Ionic order, but the Ionic capital also posed an unsolvable problem at the corner of a temple.
Apollo Important Greek Temples:
- Thebes, Greece
- Thermon (West Greece)
- Dreros (Crete)
- Selinus (Sicily)
- Cyrene, Libya
- Syracuse, Sicily
Interesting Apollo Facts:
- The mother of the Apollo is a goddess of darkness and the gloomy nights.
- Apollo’s father is the king of gods, ruling at the Mount Olympus.
- Apollo was born on a Greek island which name is Delos.
- When he was a child, the Apollo fed ambrosia – nectar that was holy to gods.
- The strengths of the Apollo is creativity, handsomeness, and supportiveness of arts.
- The weaknesses of Apollo is nymphs, and he is not lucky in love.
- Apollo falls in love with Cassandra, but she did not return his affection.
- He never married formally, but he had the relationships with Calliope, Acacallis, and Daphne,
Children’s of Apollo:
- Apollo had a child with Calliope named as Orpheus. He also had other sons, and their names are Asclepius, Troilus, and Aristaeus.
Apollo Affair with Hecuba:
- Troilus was born after Apollo had an affair with the Hecuba (who was the wife of the King of Troy).
- He recognized as the skilled musician. And he also played golden lyre very well.
- Despite Apollo’s ability to be cruel, he was well-known to be very kind to his sister and mother.
- Apollo was a teacher of the medicine and he also known as a healer.
- Apollo is known as the God of Light and also the God of Truth.
- The most blessed animals to Apollo were swan and dolphin.
- Apollo’s tree was laurel which is in Greece, and this tree is a status symbol.
- He killed Hyacinthus which was his dearest friend, by a mishap during the discus contest.
- On the Mount Olympus, the Apollo was one of 12 gods.
- These 12 gods also were the principal gods of Greek mythology.
- When the giant Tityos tried to kill his mother Leto, Apollo saved her mother and killed him.
- Apollo slew the python at Delphi where it jealously guarded the oracle (a divine prophet).
- He also guarded the oracle against the Hercules when he became angry.
- Apollo also appears in Ancient Rome, and there he worshipped as a healing god and a sun god.
- During the war of Trojan, Apollo shot arrows infected with the plague into a Greek encampment.
- He also helped Paris to kill the Achilles.
- Apollo’s other names are Phoebus, Phanaeus, Helios, and Aegletes.
- The Greek name of Apollo was Phoebus Apollo.
- He sent mice to invade Troy or Greece when Apollo was angry. When Apollo returned to a good mood, he would destroy the mice.
- Apollo also known as ‘Mouse Daemon.’